APEC – Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEC is manage by the participating governments and does not need contractual obligation. This is quite different from most trade agreements. 21 countries make up this agreement which aims to reduce barriers in trade with Chile, Mexico, and Peru.
Australia – Chile Free Trade Agreement
Except for sugar, the Australia and Chile FTA will cut all tariffs on goods in 2015. The agreement is inclusive of goods, services, and investments. Patents, trademarks, copyright, and geographical indications are also protected under the terms of the agreement. Australian companies have national protection on goods, services, and suppliers.
Chile – Canada
This bilateral trade agreement between Chile and Canada covers goods, services, and investment. In 2015, a new chapter was added to to include various technical amendments and phytosanitary and sanitary measures. Trade between the nations has tripled since the launch in 1997. And, both sides are continuing to work on expanding the agreement on a broader scale in the coming years.
Chile – Central America
Countries include Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. This agreement has been in the making for two decades. It includes trade in both goods and services. It promotes fair competition, development of a free trade zone, and a positive environment for foreign direct investment.
Chile – China Free Trade Agreement
A differentiating aspect to this agreement is that they are committed to diversifying their trading products besides concentrating on expanding trade. The agreement also encourages fair competition, requires that rules of origin or met, eliminates tariffs on various goods, and much more.
Chile – Colombia Free Trade Agreement
The agreement consists of a free trade agreement, an economic completion agreement, and promotion and protection of foreign direct investment. Both goods and services are able to move freely between the countries as well as to provide certificate of origins.
Chile – European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Countries include the EFTA nations and Chile. The focus of this agreement is to encourage trade on services and goods, increase foreign investment, and protect intellectual property. One of the primary trade industries remains within the agriculture sector.
Chile – India Preferential Trade Agreement
This new Preferential Trade Agreement was developed to eliminate trade barriers at a rapid rate in comparison to most global agreements. A few of the focuses remain on providing a basis for fair competition, eliminating and reducing tariffs on various goods, improving technological knowledge, and much more.
Chile – Japan Economic Partnership Agreement
Trade and investment are at the center of this agreement to provide long-term economic stability in both nations. Other areas include protect intellectual property, job creation, sustainable development, and much more.
Chile – Korea Free Trade Agreement
The bilateral FTA between Chile and Korea immediately increased trade with staggering reductions and eliminations on tariffs in almost all industries. Some of the most important trading benefits to come from the agreement is that Chile is able to import cars, various types of equipment, and electronics with almost no barriers and Korea is able to export and sell their produce in Chile with the same protections as Chilean produce.
Chile – Malaysia Free Trade Agreement
As with many Latin American and Asian agreements, Chile and Malaysia are committed to reducing barriers and tariffs at a highly progressive rate. The focus of this agreement is centered on improving trade on goods. While industrial and agricultural products are the emphasis, allowing and encouraging investment in both countries is also a critical component to developing the economies of both nations.
Chile – Mexico Free Trade Agreement
This trade agreement enhances relations between the nations, establishes an improved trade balance, creates a platform for business development and investment, enhances competitiveness, enforces intellectual property protection, sustainability, labor protection, and much more. As part of labor protection, the trade focuses on creating new jobs, developing better standards of livings, and establishing quality working conditions.
Chile – Panama Free Trade Agreement
The intent behind the trade agreement is to create a more secure and larger market between the nations for goods, services, and foreign investment. The agreement concentrates on enhancing relations between, establishing an improved trade balance, creating a platform for business development and investment, enhancing competitiveness, enforcing intellectual property protection, sustainability, labor protection, and much more. As part of labor protection, the trade focuses on creating new jobs, developing better standards of livings, and establishing quality working conditions.
Chile – Peru Free Trade Agreement
This trade agreement focuses on economic development and a reduction in poverty through various protections of goods and services. The free trade agreement was an expansion to an economic completion agreement. By 2016, all goods will be in exemption.
Chile – Turkey Free Trade Agreement
Besides eliminating tariffs on goods traded into and out of both countries, each nation is committed to environmental protection, sustainable development, conservation, improved labor protection, increased quality of life, and much more.
Chile – Vietnam Free Trade Agreement
The agreement between Chile and Vietnam focuses on mutual economic development. While up to 75 percent of goods will enter either nation without duties, the remaining duties on goods will be eliminated over 15 years. In the coming years, services and investments will also be negotiated into an amendment to the agreement.
EU – Chile Association Agreement
Countries include the EU nations and Chile. This agreement includes more than the basic WTO trade agreement requirements. It is a comprehensive agreement that focuses on eliminating trade barriers with goods and services, protecting intellectual property rights, reducing or eliminating tariffs depending upon the industry, government procurement, sustainable development, leniency in capital flow and foreign investment, and much more. Some of the most traded goods are chemicals, fuel, agriculture, wine, metals, fish, fruit and vegetables, and machinery and electric equipment.
EU – MERCOSUR
Countries include the EU and MERCOSUR nations. Negotiations are in progress for this agreement which many hope to begin at some point in 2014. Negotiations are in progress for this agreement, which will cover not only a trade in industrial and agricultural goods, but also services and establishment and government procurement, and the improvement of rules inter alia on government procurement, intellectual property, customs and trade facilitation, technical barriers to trade. Given the number of countries involved and the existing trade agreements with other nations, this FTA may not become a reality soon.
MERCOSUR – Chile
Chile is an associate member of MERCOSUR. As an associate member Chile does not receive the full benefits of the full member nations of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Paraguay was an original full member, but their membership has been suspended. Associate members receive reductions on tariffs, do not have any voting rights, and they do not have to enforce the common external tariff required by full member nations.
Partial Preferential Agreements: Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, and Argentina
Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP or P4)
Countries include Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The primary focus of this agreement is to liberalize trade between all member countries. Reducing barriers in trade and services is at the forefront, but many other provisions have been established to enhance trade relations including investment, government procurement, moving of business people, and intellectual property protection.
US – Chile Free Trade Agreement
Countries include the US and Chile. Signed on June 6, 2003, this FTA established that all products will be duty-free within a 12 years (2015). As of January 2015, all industrial and consumer goods that meet the country of origin definition proposed in this agreement that are imported and exported between Chile and the US are 100% duty free. The agreement also provides more protection and benefits to suppliers, investors from member countries, and intellectual property protection.
The following agreements are in negotiations or signed but not yet in force at this time:
- Chile – Hong Kong
- Chile – Indonesia
- Chile – Pacific Alliance
- Chile – Thailand